barrowsburrows

genealogical notes

Surnames: Barrows, Marshall, Ovenden, Tuck and more

The following is a bit of an over-simplification.  Many surnames refer back to words no longer in use, or may have one of several possible sources.

Surnames in England tend to have come into being from the 11th/12c merely to differentiate one Tom, Dick or Harry from another lot.  The sources are:

1.  Topographical eg Barrows, there are numerous barrows in SE Kent.  eg Green, Tom who lived by the green.  Langley, a village.  Ovenden is currently a village in West Yorkshire.  If the suffix ‘den’ is old English for a valley, the Kent Ovendens may have called themselves after a locally known place name.  Or, I have seen the name Pelle de Hoveden from 1296.

2.  From occupation, eg Marshall, Ward, Thatcher, Bushell, Glover, Baker

3.  From nicknames.  Used as we use them today.  Ancestor Woodroofe, ( a sweet-smelling herb), stank to high heaven, probably.

4  From the father, Thomson, Dixon, Harrison.

5.  From abroad.  Harvey is from the French (Breton),  Sparepoynt (Spearpoint) probably from Pierrepont in Seine-Maritime, France, Branston is the anglicised Bronstein.  File is German or Germanic.

They could have made them up.  I suspect Cherriwig comes into this category.

Local dialect meant Barrows sound like Burrows, or Baros or Buros.  Rarely was anyone writing down the names before registration.

Gentlemen and Yeomen.  In the hierarchy of the times, a gentleman was the highest ranking person amongst the untitled.  Yeomen were the next highest.  Some of the ancestors were gentlemen, some yeomen, most were ag labs or agricultural labourers.  Half were women.

Looking at my copy of ‘The Origin of English Surnames” by PH Reaney, he relates a nice story of historical continuity.  One of his correspondents told him that in the First World War he had been billeted in a small French village, near to Agincourt.  A farmer’s wife told him she had known a Madame La Tam, whose husband was descended from an Englishman who had been injured at Agincourt and stayed behind and married locally.  When he asked her to spell out the name it was Latham, deriving from a village in Lancashire and still, of course, in use.

Finally, I have read that the Arden and Berkeley families are the two families who  can trace their family  history  back to pre-Conquest times.

Parishes – Anyone seen Mr Barrows?

Parishes where our family have lived in Kent.

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Parishes checked.       NOTES for RESEARCHERS

Typed transcripts seen:  Barham, Petham 17c, Nonington. – None seen

Northbourne – (no earlier than 1813) No Barrows 1780 – 1790

Whitfield 1586 – 1788 – None

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Barfrestone; none seen except 1582 already mentioned.

Waltham checked to 1750

No Burrows/Barrows in Bridge

Eythorne checked start – 1808

Sarah Andrews/Robert & Ann/Silvester & Elizabeth 1700 – 1750, checked  Stelling, Sellinge, Waldershare, Eythorn and Barham.

Gt Mongeham 18C Barrows – none

Lt Mongeham – Illegible

Monks Horton, no Marshalls or Harveys

Denton no Barrows

Lydden & Hawkinge no Barrows 1710 – 1753

Woodnesborough – v diff to read.  Ovendens no Barrows 1700-1731

Woodnesborough BT – Woodroffe 1672. Baker burials. Cornelius Harfleet m Shrubsole 1695 ML

Womenswold – No Robert /Ann or Sarah Andrews

Walmer/Westcliffe Whitfield/Wootton/Worth – No Barrows

Walmer etc etc  2 Andrews in Wootton, otherwise none

Walmer etc  2 Woodruffs in Worth.

Kingstone – not to 1812

Goodnestone & Bekesbourne – no

Kent sources

to be checked.  From a lecture by Dr David Wright.        NOTES for RESEARCHERS

Charles I Oath of Loyalty/Protestation returns – on microfiche

 

Hearth Tax – Lady Day 1664 now online

1705 – Little Census Q/CTZ/2

Quarter sessions

Poll books 1713 –

1768 Kentish Gazette

1755 Kentish Express

Tithe records – all available

Historical manuscripts for Manorial Docs (eg Waldershare?)

Guardianship

Deposition

Pallot

peculiars

Administrations – look for grant, get a copy with the will 1750 – 1800

Marriage bonds and licenses

Burial index 1831 – 1841

Poor Law Unions – KFHS

Canterbury City records

Coroner records

E179 Poll Tax

E179/323  1377 – 1400

Post Mortems

Gibson Guides

East Kent militia

East Kent Settlement and Removal Index

Elizabeth Kidder 1768 – & preceding Kidders

Elizabeth was baptised on 3rd April 1768 at St George the Martyr in Canterbury. She was buried on 30th December 1850 aged 82 at Elmsted.

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Elizabeth’s father was Thomas Kidder bpt 5th March 1741 who married on 13th April 1765 Elizabeth Harfleete.  There was a marriage license, “Thos Kidder of St And Cant cabinetmaker bach (23) & Eliz Harfleete of St Mary North Cant sp (25) at St Mary N. 13th April”.  Tho Kidder signed so he was literate.  He was also listed as being a Freeman of Canterbury in 1765.  Their child Susan was born in 1772, Dorcas was born in 1770 and Thomas in 1769, all at Hastingleigh.   (Note, no Kidders in Hastingleigh earlier than these dates but a George Kidder of Hastingleigh was to be married to Elizabeth Swain of Saltwood 31.12.1787, by license. No Kidders in Monks Horton).  Susanna was baptised on 3rd April 1767 at St George the Martyr.

NB There is a family of Harfleetes from the Ash/Sandwich area in the 16C/17C but I have not been able to find Elizabeth’s birth, or indeed any Harfleetes of the 18C.)

Thomas Kidder was married to Susanna(Sara) Baker, bpt Nov 8th 1724 at Wickham, in Boughton under Blean. The ML reads, Kidder, George, of S George, Cant., ba., and Susan Baker of the Precincts, Can.,  At Bo: Blean, Wickham or Ch. Ch. Cant.  March 18 1738.  (NB dates need checking.)  I believe they were married 28th March 1740 in Boughton.  Sara was the daughter of John and Dorothy Baker.

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George Kidder married on 30th March 1706 Dorcas Fowle (of St Margaret’s Canterbury) in Canterbury Cathedral, by license.  There are 3 christenings listed at St George the Martyr:  1. on June 9th 1707,  Dorcas d of George Kidder and 2. August 15th 1708 George, s. of George Kidder, 3. Feb 19th 1709 Edward, son of George Kidder   Rather than Dorcas having 3 children in an eighteen month period, one of the George Kidder’s may have been the father of Dorcas’s husband, on his second marriage, there is occasionally an overlap.  Or something else.  Also at St George the Martyr, John son of George Kidder and Dorcas Dec 7 1714,  Frances-Anne, bpt Dec 6 1716, Mary bpt 24 Aug 1718, Elizabeth bpt 26th Feb 1720, Sarah, bpt  19th Sept 1722, Elizabth, 10th Sept 1724, Thomas, 21st Apr 1728.

A George Kidder was burried on 13th July 1755 at Canterbury Northgate.  Also at Northgate buried 13th Novembr 1724 their daughter Elizabeth and on 19th August 1722, their first daughter Elizabeth.  And on 16th April 1713, John Kidder, a child of St George’s, Frances on 25th Oct 1726.

Dorcas was buried on 27th October 1735.

Also at Hastingleigh, John Marshall m Elizabeth Kidder 18th May 1789 by license.

There are more Kidders at St George the Martyr, of Edward Kidder and Elizabeth Goldfinch, and others.   The earliest mention I could find was 1611, November 10th, Ann baptised, daughter of Mr Edward Kidder, scrivener.

The Kidders listed in the Canterbury transcription of the marriage licenses include

1759 Thomas Sankey of St And Can tallow chandler (21) & Dorcas Kidder (20), m., father Geo Kidder, Pastrycook at St Andrews, Cant. 6th Oct.

Kidders in the Canterbury Cathedral registers are: 13.7.1628 Elizabeth bpt the daughter of Edward Kidder and 1618, Joseph the son of Mr Burrows.  Also bpt Mar 5 1741, Thomas, s of Susan & George Kidder.

And in St Andrews Cant.  Oct 25th 1784 Henry Baker of Deal and Sarah Kidder.

Other members of the family who are listed as Freemen of Canterbury (Freemen by birth) are:

1774 Edward Francis Kidder, writing master

1768 – John Kidder, Cook

1753 – John Kidder of London, clothier

1734 – Geo Kidder, cook, son of George Kidder, barber

1723 – Edward Kidder, barber, son of George Kidder, barber.

1701 – George Kidder, barber, son of Thomas Kidder.

1689  – Edward Kidder, pastrycook

1688 – Thomas Kidder, gent. was a Freeman by gift.

Kidders who were Freemen by apprenticeship:

1675 – Thomas Kidder, apprenticed Barber-surgeon to Robert Mundy

1694 – Stephen Kidder, painter, apprenticed to Thomas Johnson

Edward Kidder Pastrycook was a Freeman by Redemption  in 1689.

In addition, Geo Kidder, barber, took on many apprentices 1718 – 1734.

Other Kidders later went to the United States, judging by the Kidder activity on line.

Thomas Marshall and preceding Marshalls

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I suspect this photograph is of Mary Marshall, Kate’s mother.   She’s definitely in the family because of family resemblance, and Mary died 17 years after Sophia Ovenden.  If anyone knows differently, let me know.

Many thanks to Val Snow of FFHS who’s ancestor was Thomas Marshall’s brother.  She has kindly added to the following:

Kate’s father, Thomas Marshall, was born in 1791 at Elmsted.  He was married first to Mary (Susanna) Pooley  at Waltham in 1816 and they had 10 children:

Sarah b 1816, Mark b 1818, Elizabeth b 1819, Caroline b 1821, Harriet  Sutton + twin Sutton John, b 1823,

Mary b 1824, Rebecca b 1827, Thomas b 1829, and Frances b 1832.  Of these,

Mary Pooley Marshall died on 28th September 1832 and buried at the St James’ church in Elmsted on 11th Oct 1832.

Thomas then married Mary Elizabeth Read b 1805.  Their first three children John, Emily and William died as babies.  They then had Kate, b 1840, Ellen b 1843 and Frank b 1845.

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Is this Frank Marshall?

In 1851 Thomas is described as a farmer of 114 acres, employing 4 persons.  John Norris is one of those, he lives in as does Thomas Philpot.  Thomas, one of the sons, is employed at home.  So there are 9 of them at 20, Bodsom, Elmsted.  In the 1865 Post Office directory, he is described as a miller.  Elmsted at that time evidently had a shop, a post office (run by Thomas Kidder Sutton who was also a blacksmith), a wheelwright, and 2 carpenters, one of whom was also a retailer of beer.  As well as plenty of farmers.  There is a notebook in the family of the rents paid by the villagers (presumably paid for the land he was renting out).  As I recall there is no date on the book.

In the 1871 census, he and Mary Elizabeth live on their own, retired at Stonecroft  or Stonewall Cottages, Upper Hardres.  (His grandson lived at Stoneycroft in another village.)

Thomas died on 11th April 1877 of “old age and decay of nature” in Upper Hardres.  Maria Read, sister-in-law of Petham was present at the death.

In 1881, Mary Elizabeth was living at Petham.  She died of “senile decay” on 5th August 1887.  Ellen was present at the death.  The gravestone at Elmsted reads “Thomas Marshall died 11 April 1878 aged 85.  Also Susanna wife of above died 28 September 1832 aged 38 and of Mary Elizabeth relict of the above died 6th August 1887 aged 82.

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Thomas was the son of John Marshall bpt 5.11.1765 and Elizabeth Kidder bpt 3.4. 1768.  They married on 18.5.1789 by license at Hastingleigh.  John Marshall was at some time the Church warden of Hastingleigh (1811 – 1813).  He was buried on 31st December 1845, aged 80, at Hastingleigh.  There were 10 children, 8 of whom survived childhood.

In the 1832 Poll book is listed John Marshall, senior, Hastingleigh.  And John Harfleet Marshall (resident at) Hastingleigh Combe.

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John Marshall was the son of Mark Marshall bpt 20.3.1732, d 1801 and Martha Harvey bpt 2.4.1738 of Stowting. (Mark Marshall’s will is in the family.)   They married in 1758.  Martha Harvey was the daughter of Samuel Harvey and Ellen Curling who married on 3rd June 1733/4.  Samuel died 11th May 1752.  Ellen was bapt 25.4.1714, the daughter of Jeames Curling. The ML for Mark Marshall reads ” Mark Marshall of Brabourne yeo bach (25) & Martha Harvey of Smeeth sp (20, guard Benj Andrews of Stouting by will of Jas H (fath) at B or S 2 Dec. Not R”  In 1758.  On the death of Martha in 1766, Mark married Catherine Warrington in 1767.

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Mark Marshall was the son of Hezekiah Marshall b 19th April 1692 in Paddlesworth.  He married 1st, Mary Elgar on 9 Jan 1719 by license.  The license reads Hezekiah Marshall, Junior, of Brabourne, ba., and Mary Elgar of Sellinge, spr.  At S.  Jan 9th 1719.  Mary was buried at Brabourne on 16.5.1730.   Their children baptised at Brabourne were Thomas, 20.11.1720, Mary, bpt 27.12.1724.

Then, on 23rd October 1739, now a widower, he marries Elizabeth Godden, spinster of Brabourne.  She was born in Sellinge,  Jan 13th 1705, “a bastard of Francis Godden and Alice Mayborn”.  Hezekiah was a widower.  Hezekiah and Elizabeth married at St Nicholas’  Rochester, another dioscese, also by license.   I fear that Hezekiah had some sort of falling out with the Canterbury dioscese.  Canterbury Cathedral archives have a note that Hezekiah passed to them to tell them of his marriage.  I discovered that he’d left a note there through the national archives website and with great interest went to see the note.  I had hoped for something more interesting than the bald facts of his second marriage, but no.  Full marks to Canterbury for keeping the 250 year old scrap of paper, which was dated 22nd May 1740.

Hezekiah was churchwarden in Brabourne parish in the mid 1720s and he and Elizabeth had children when they married.   Churchwardens were mostly supposed to set the example, so having children outside marriage may have contributed to his falling out with Canterbury.  Their children, born at Brabourne were Mark 20.3.1732/33.  Elizabeth 7.5.1734, Margaret 1.2.1736, Sarah, 11.11.1740, Margaret 7.3.1744.

Hezekiah junior’s sister was born in Folkestone, bpt 21.2.1687 Elizabeth, dau of Hezekiah and Catherine.  There was another daughter, Sarah, born about 1695.   Also, Thomas born 1690 in Paddlesworth.  There is a memorial to Sarah, wife of John Sankey, daughter of Hezekiah Marshall, and Katherine his wife, late of Brabourne… at Hastingleigh church.

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Hezekiah’s father, another Hezekiah Marshall, married Katherine on June 10th 1686 at St Peter’s, Canterbury.  A child baptised at Brabourne was Sarah i 19.5.1695.  (No other Marshalls mentioned in Brabourne back to 1674.)

And he was the son of Thomas and Frances Marshall?  (Although that would make Hez, as we call him in the family, only 15.  I have seen a survey of the marrying ages of women in the latter part of the 17c as being 26 years on average.)  On the other hand, looking at marriage licenses for Marshalls from the Canterbury transcripts, it seems that a disparity of ages – him 24, her 40, was by no means uncommon. However, there was a Hezekiah Marshall bpt in Folkestone, on July 25th 1671, son of Thomas and Francis.  And Margaret d of Thomas & Francis on 3 Feb 1673.  Perhaps it was this one, I need to look at the records again, we may have had an outbreak of Hezekiahs in the family. Or perhaps it was this one:

In Wye, June  18th 1655 Thomas Marshall of Postling m Frances Baker of Postling.  Before his Justice Weevil.  (Need to go back to Wye records to check this, it’s what my note says, written before I thought we were related.)

Hezekiah sr was buried at Brabourne on 4.9.1720, and Catherine was buried 10.9.1720.

Also other Marshalls/Marchals.  1635 – 1695 at Folkestone.

There are Marshalls in the Elham registers 1734 – 1798 and Brabourne seems to have been colonised with Marshalls in the 18c.

Elmsted records also contain Marshalls 1581 Edward Marshall & Catherine Page + christenings 1581 – 94, children of Edward Marshall.  Then 1757 – 1793.

Also Wye which records also contain May 28th 1793, a list of the donors for ‘The Relief of the French Clergy”.  Very generous they seemed to be.

1664 Hearth tax – Marshalls in Folkestone & Lyminge (Eachinghill).

There are a few Goddens in the Sellinge records 1697 – 1758, including Lucretia Godden.  The record was difficult to read.

PS There are Curlings in the People of East Kent index.

Mary Jane Tuck (Burrows) 1878 – 1940 & preceding Tucks

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Mary Jane was born 17th March 1878, in Brinkworth, Wiltshire. No father listed. She had   siblings:

Joseph Frederick b 6.10.1868 (no father listed)

Eliza Matilda b 16.6.1865 who married Albert Langley (no father listed on the bc)

Arthur

Sophia

Ellen Annie b c1870

Kate  b c 1862

n 1901 she is at Kearsney Manor working as a cook  in the household of Frank Sevey (?) master brewer.

She died on August 26th 1940.  She was a member of the WI and they wrote in the Folkestone Herald on Sept 14th 1940.

“MJ Burrows of Stoneycroft, Swingfield passed away at Canterbury Hospital on August 26th 1940.  She was the leader of the Fruit Preservation Centre.  She was in her life what every WI member would like to be.”

She was buried at Swingfield parish church.

 

DSCN2522 Mary Jane and Jane

 

Her mother is Jane Tuck who appears not to have married.  On Mary Jane’s birth certificate there is a line through the space left for the father.  On Mary Jane’s  marriage license she says her father is Thomas Tuck (dec’d)

Jane Tuck was baptised on 23rd of July 1843, the daughter of Eliza Hunt and Thomas Tuck.  They had been married on 16th October 1837.  Thomas Tuck was a labourer and Isaac Tuck a farmer.  Her father was listed as a farm labourer and Jane was the third of six children. Her siblings were Sophia bpt 13.1.1839, Mary Ann bpt 1840 and Edward bpt 23.5.1847.

She does not appear to have married and on some census returns she appears as head of household. In 1871 she was at 29 Yorks Farm, with Kate, a daughter (born at Purton), Eliza Matilda, Joseph and Ellen Annie.  Jane is a labourer.  In 1881 she is at 51 Washpool Lane, with Joseph, Ellen, Sophia and Mary Jane.  1891 she is recorded as being a charwoman at 49 Minty Road, Brinkworth.  She has her sons, Joseph aged 22, an Ag Lab, and Arthur, 5.  There is a Sophia Tuck living at Penns Lodge Farm working as a general farm servant.  ( I seem to recall that the Penn family were the same whose William Penn founded Pennsylvania.)

In 1901, she lives at 62 Washpool, again with Joseph and Arthur.  She has no occupation here and the sons are ‘ordinary labourers’.

Thomas Tuck married Eliza Hunt on 16th October 1837.  He is listed on the 1841 census as living in Fellow ?) Hill Lane.  with Eliza, Sophia ,2, Mary Anne, John Hunt aged 4 and William Tuck aged 16.  Thomas Tuck is a farmer.  He died on 25.9. 1879 of disease of the heart, aged 64.  (so born about 1815).  His father was Isaac, a farmer and his father was Stephen Tuck.

This information was passed to me by John Tuck, who is still in possession (or was in 1995) of Highgate Farm in Wootton Bassett, the Tuck family home.   The Brinkworth records are online and there is a wealth of other information at Wootton Bassett library.  Names of other researchers were passed to me, but I received no reply when I wrote to them.

Eliza Hunt was the daughter of Elizabeth Hunt and George Harding.

Kate Marshall (Burrows) 1840 – 1938

Kate was baptised on 8th November 1840, the 13th child of Thomas Marshall, and the first child of his second marriage to survive into adulthood.  In the 1851 census she was still at home at Bodsom in Elmsted.  She married Henry Burrows on 11th September 1878.  She died on the 10th July 1938.

Of the children of the second wife of Thomas Marshall, Kate was joined by Ellen and Frank.  Ellen remained unmarried.  In the 1871 census, she was a governess working for a Mr Tassell, a farmer, in Wye, and his flock.  In the 1901 census she was in New Windsor acting as a companion to her employer.  She and Kate ended their days living in Newlands Cottage in Selsted.  Ellen was born on 7th May 1843 and died in 1936, leaving £367.14.8d.

Frank was born on 20th April 1845. He was married in September 1877 to Jane  Mary Daniels, b 1852.. In 1881 he was living in Stelling Minnis near the mill, next to Myrle Cottages.  He is married to Jane from Petham and they have 2 girls, Ellen and Kate.  He is a grocer.  His other children are:  Annie Marshall b 1882 in Stelling Minnis, Minnie Marshall, b 1884 in Stelling Minnis, Charles Marshall b 1890 In Canterbury and George Marshall, b 1898 in Canterbury.

Frank dies in 1913 in Canterbury.

 

The following article was found in the Folkestone Herald 11th August 1934:

Nonagenarian Sisters of Selsted

Days of Open Railway Carriages

Mutton 4d a lb

Newspapers 6d

Memories of the days when railway journeys were made in open carriages are recalled by two remarkable ladies living in a little cottage at Selsted near Swingfield. They are Mrs Kate Burrows and Miss Ellen Marshall respectively aged 94 and 92. Two more remarkable ladies it would be difficult to find. Old age has left its mark, it is true. Mrs Burrows lost her sight some time ago, and her sister is somewhat deaf; but these infirmities are more than balanced by their mental fitness. I have interviewed many remarkable people for the Folkestone Herald (writes ‘Felix’), but never have I met two such nonagenarian sisters.

Mrs Burrows recalled her father’s ownership of Bodsham Farm Elmstead and remarked that her father’s two wives had blessed him with 17 children. Mrs Burrows is the 15th and Miss Marshall the 16th. Some of the children died in their infancy.

Relating some of the incidents in her childhood days Mrs Burrows said when she was 10 years of age her father drove her 8 miles to see the first train run from Canterbury to Wye. “I thought it was a wonderful sight’, she said. This reminded her of her first journey to London by train.

FIRST JOURNEY TO LONDON

I was 12 years old when father took me to London” she said. “The railway carriages were open to the sky. We clothed ourselves warmly and tucked ourselves in rugs as well as we could. And mind you, those bare wooden seats were hard – very hard.” With a laugh Mrs Burrows recalled that one of the wheels on the railway carriage (she called them cattle trucks) came off with the result that all of the passengers were thrown to one side. Eventually the wheel was fixed and they reached London after four and a half hours travelling.

Mrs Burrows stated that legs of mutton in her young days were 4d a lb. And English too, she added. ‘Tea, and it was tea in those days, was 5d per lb. You needed only a little in the tea pot. My father employed several hands at the farm and they ‘lived-in’. Of course they never drank tea; small beer was their drink and this they had at breakfast and other times of the day. There was always a huge jug of hot milk on the table. Sometimes the men had hot bread and milk with pieces of fat salt pork added. They were very partial to this. In winter time the men threshed the corn in the barns with a flail, which is a long stout stick with a thong or leather fixed at one end, used to extract the grain.’ In answer to a question as to “the daily bread”, Mrs Burrows said they never knew what a baker’s delivery van was. They grew their own wheat, threshed it, took it to the mill to be ground for flour and finally baked it.

Long winter nights were spent in playing cards and parlour games or in knitting or crocheting by the light of tallow candles that had been lit by the aid of a tinder box (for there were no matches). Touching on education at the church school at Elmstead, Mrs Burrows said the boys left their studies at an early age and were often employed at scaring rooks from soon after daylight to sunset at 9d a day.

HUMOUR IN CHURCH

Mrs Burrows related how on one occasion the Clerk of the Church either at Elmstead or Hastingleigh went to sleep during the service. His seat was under the pulpit. A large sow, with a litter following, entered the Church with majestic nonchalance to the amazement of the worshippers and the Vicar, whilst the Clerk slept peacefully on. The Vicar looking over the top of the pulpit had to shout ‘Wake up! Wake up! before the Clerk realised that his services were needed.

On another occasion a sheep entered the Church just as the Congregation were about to sing a hymn. The sheep’s plaintive and prolonged ‘Baa’ so greatly amused the clergy, choir and congregation, that it was several minutes before the hymn could be started.

For several years Mrs Burrows was manageress of a restaurant in London, but as she did not enjoy good health in the City she returned to this district. Her sister, Miss Marshall, was at one time a governess. Educated at Canterbury, she has had varied experiences at different times and places with well-known families in East Kent. Although deaf, she understood that her opinion was invited upon the dresses now favoured by her sex. She answered by holding up her hands in silent rebuke. She said that in her young days her father used to drive to Canterbury (a journey of ten miles) to buy a Kentish newspaper published weekly in that City. This was a small publication and cost 6d a copy. Their father used to read it to them, and that was all they learned of the outside world. “My father,” continued Miss Marshall “was an educated man, and was in the habit of writing letters for those who could not use a pen.”

CHARM FOR TOOTHACHE

She remarked upon the belief that was prevalent in those days in charms. Her father, she said, was known far and wide amongst the scattered villages as the possessor of a charm for toothache. It was no uncommon thing for a man, woman or child to come to her father with the toothache and ask for his charm.

To what do these sisters attribute their happy and long lease of life? Mrs Burrows said “ I put it down to contentment, hard work – and mind you, I have worked very hard in my time.”

Miss Marshall added “ I was always looked upon as a ‘creaking door’ as I was not very robust; but here I am, a proof that the creaking door often lasts longest. I have never had what might be called a serious illness. A year or two ago I had the misfortune to break a leg. I was taken to the hospital, well nursed, and here I am again. I too live on light food, and my only daily luxury is a glass of port wine in the evening.

With these two remarkable ladies lives Mrs Penfold, a daughter of Mrs Burrows. She too is an interesting personality, having travelled thousands of miles as a stewardess in one of the Orient lines to Australia.

End of article.